EV Taking India by Storm

June 2, 2023

By Ram Chandnani

EV taking india by Storm

The electric vehicle revolution has taken India by storm, leading to a change in mindset of people for a more sustainable environment. With the launch of the REVA by Mahindra in 2001, EVs made their first appearance in the Indian market. Now, after two decades, EVs are experiencing a remarkable resurgence and witnessing immense demand. Evolving from a niche novelty to a common sight in most metro cities across the country, the adoption and accessibility of EVs have surged in recent years.

While the current number of EV vehicles remains relatively small, accounting for only 0.6% of the total vehicles on the road, their prominence is steadily increasing. The Government of India, in alignment with the 'Paris Pledge 2022,' has emphasized the urgent need to reduce carbon emissions by 2.5-3 billion tonnes, equivalent to adding a forest, by 2030. Furthermore, the goal is to achieve 50% of the cumulative installed power capacity from non-fossil fuel-based energy resources by the same year.

To drive the growth of the EV ecosystem in India, we must delve into the four fundamental factors known as the 4As: Awareness, Availability, Adaptability, and Affordability. These components play a pivotal role in fostering the expansion of the EV segment in India. Creating awareness about the numerous advantages of EVs is essential, as they can convert approximately 60% of electrical energy from the grid to power the wheels, compared to the mere 17-21% energy conversion from fuel in non-EVs.

Another crucial aspect revolves around ensuring the availability of EVs, predominantly driven by government policies. If India continues its steady progress, it is projected that the EV market in the country will reach a staggering USD 206 billion by 2030. Once a substantial abundance of EVs exists in India, the focus shifts to their adaptability. However, to successfully embrace EVs, the development of a robust infrastructure becomes imperative.

This necessitates the establishment of a minimum of one Public Charging Station (PCS) within a 3 km radius in urban areas and one PCS within a 25 km radius along highways.

Furthermore, improving the affordability of EVs can lead to reduced fuel consumption and lower costs for consumers. It is estimated that ownership of EVs can be 10-20% cheaper than their non-EV counterparts over a five-year duration.

By incorporating these four factors more rigorously, we can anticipate significant EV growth in India by 2030. The previous year witnessed a spike in EV consumption, with three states accounting for 38% of total sales. Uttar Pradesh emerged as the major contributor with 16%, followed by Maharashtra at 13% and Karnataka at 9%.

Leveraging the immense potential, it holds for sustainable mobility and environmental preservation. By focusing on the 4A’s, we can contribute to India's journey towards a greener future while harnessing the economic opportunities presented by the evolving EV landscape